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Saturday, December 22, 2012

Principles of Effective Teaching and General Roles of a Good Teacher

In the field of education, most of us believe that teaching is a multifaceted human activity for it entails a wide range of teaching approaches, interactions, planning, organizational arrangement and material resources that transpire within the four walls of the classroom and in the teaching-learning process.

Another view holds that effective teaching is the act of providing diverse activities that facilitate learning. Brown and Thornton have delineated certain distinctions between teaching and educational information-giving.

According to them, both of these teaching-learning functions are indispensable, but they are not the same. They have distinct functions on how a certain student learns fast with a right approach, the other one learns very fast with retention and the last one seems to absorb everything based on interesting conceptualization of the teaching-learning process, and what the student has fully learned from the teacher in a gradual way of teaching.

Principles of teaching should be followed by an effective teacher in order for him/her to be aware of the positive outlooks, prevailing classroom situations, and to be efficient at all times in classroom activities.

Furthermore, to know more of the so-called classroom strategies, what are these principles of teaching? Well, according to various authors, there are five principles of teaching to be used as a guide to effective classroom teaching-learning situations: 1) respect for the individual; 2) democracy as a way of life; 3) providing suitable conditions for the development and maintenance of a sound personality; 4) improving group living in the classroom; and 5) improving the classroom environment.

Through these principles, an effective teacher must have the best approach of teaching that gives the nature of the strategy in class or method of teaching to be used in everyday discussions. It points out how a lesson is to be developed and to be technically formulated in order to pave the way for effective teaching and learning processes, and for the extent of participation by the teacher and the learners in a classroom setting, as far as the teaching-learning scenarios are concerned.

Thus, it is indispensable for the teachers to take cognizance of the moral duties and responsibilities, especially when they face students with diverse family backgrounds just to share content-savvy, must use every precious time with the students, to get along with them by sharing current events or information, to teach them how to excogitate, to open the door to varied experiences in life, and to impinge on their hearts so that classroom scenario makes the teaching-learning enjoyable and meaningful.

The effective teachers must have the mastery of the subject matter. That is true! In order for them to gain the mastery of the subject matter, they have to know first the fundamental rules or principles of absorbing the contents or subject matters before imparting all-out knowledge to their students.

Teachers should encourage their students to ask questions, to give their viewpoints, reactions or comments. There are also other ways  in order for them to become very effective in imparting knowledge to their students; in all teaching activities, motivation is at all times a part or should always be a part of teaching because students do not  learn as much as they do without motivation. It should be followed by a query or a step-by-step level of questioning from literal level to interpretative level and from metaphorical level to evaluative level. And the third one is a lecture because it is considered an effective method of communication to be utilized by the teachers. In general, the roles of an effective teacher are as follows: model, classroom manager, facilitator of learning, motivator, friend, counselor and evaluator of students’ performance.


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Important Quotes for Teachers

The mediocre teacher tells. The good teacher explains. The superior teacher demonstrates. The great teacher inspires. ~William Arthur Ward. The best teacher is the one who suggests rather than dogmatizes, and inspires his listener with the wish to teach himself. ~Edward Bulwer-Lytton. A teacher's purpose is not to create students in his own image, but to develop students who can create their own image. ~Author Unknown. What the teacher is, is more important than what he teaches. ~Karl Menninger. Teaching should be full of ideas instead of stuffed with facts. ~Author Unknown. The task of the excellent teacher is to stimulate "apparently ordinary" people to unusual effort. The tough problem is not in identifying winners: it is in making winners out of ordinary people. ~K. Patricia Cross

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