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Sunday, December 1, 2013

Level of Language Competency Among the Graduating Electrical Engineering Students at the Cebu Institute of Technology-University

I Get Nervous and Excited when I Defended Orally My Thesis 

Research is different from topic-reporting because I have to experience a lot of things in the field like conducting an actual research.
Language Researcher: Lorie Lee Paypa

I have to talk personally with the dean of the respective department and the students who are about to graduate this school year 2013-2014.

My classmates have been given their time and chance also to conduct research, along with the school administrators and students in the assigned schools with approved inputs used as the schema of study.

Frankly speaking, I get nervous when I defended orally my thesis but later on, I overcame it.

Furthermore, in order to take cognizance of the content of my thesis, please allow me to share with the reading public how to report and defend a thesis in front of the panelists led by Dr. Ermetes Adolfo, Jr.

The study really aims to construe the scale of language adequacy among the graduating students of Cebu Institute of Technology- University, Cebu, Philippines. Here are the important things to remember when you conduct a research:

Prepare the input of your thesis

Before you engage in actual study of research, see to it that you have already chosen your research input. For example in my research study, my research input is the "Level of language competency among the graduating electrical engineering students at the Cebu Institute of Technology-University:"

Prepare the abstract of your thesis

On my part as a researcher, I have to summarize first every chapter of my research with the aim, field, precise account of language, and inference. Here is the sample of my abstract:

The study aims to construe the scale of language adequacy among the graduating students (preferably Electrical Engineering students) at the Cebu Institute of Technology- University.

As a field of engineering that deals with the study and application of electromagnetism, electricity, and electronics, Electrical Engineering (EE) plays a key role in terms of electric power distribution.

Covering a wide range of sub-fields, Electrical Engineering, as a baccalaureate course, and a future identifiable occupation, bestows upon an intensive discussion that deals with electricity, and electronics. Generally, it includes units covering Physics, Mathematics, Computer Science, Project Management, and a variety of topics in Electrical Engineering.

To guarantee a precise account on its emphasis with language, the researcher conducted this study to be able to consider such into details. Since these graduating students were so busy planning for the implementation of their thesis-project, it took fourteen days for the researcher to gather all the data needed. A three- page questionnaire was handed to twenty one available students (out of fifty) who were gladly obliged to answer.

The questionnaire was composed of twenty-nine items with multiple choice type, sixteen item checklist, and three existential questions. It took some time before they've finally finished answering the query. The researcher decided not to conduct pretest as well as posttest to the respondents, but rather reckoned it to be a diagnostic test.

Since their final examination was fast approaching, they could no longer entertain other matters of concern. In addition, the study did not pertain to any experimental research. So to speak, the external validity to have the pretest and posttest was only applicable for scientific and psychological research (e.g. cause-effect relationship among controlled variables). They completely answered the given questionnaire; however, there were types of questions that were found very difficult to answer.

To wrap up the results, the researcher actually has inferred that only a handful could be deemed to have a high level of language competency. The minute attention given "to study said language' affected the capability of those students to accurately and fluently express their thoughts without being mocked at their grammatical structures using the target language.

Prepare your rationale of research study

Rationale is very important when you plan to come up with concrete ideas based on facts and theories. Rationale serves as the conduit of information to justify what are the pros and cons of your research.

For example in my study (referring to my thesis), it said that it must have been expected that most of the baccalaureate degrees that have been offered by various learning institutions like universities require language acquisition. Almost all students on the campus are being obliged to enroll the English subject even if the student is taking up a course...any student who majors in Science or any subject, except English as the second language.

However, it is sad to note that being obligated to study such a major tool with the "irrelevant subject mindset" of the student, the possibility to fluently and confidently understand the language can be a huge factor in the syntax and semantic acquisition of the learner himself. The inclination to the importance of speaking, writing, reading, and listening will become less than what most students aim to acquire because of the diversity and period of time to learn the language.

This is one of the reasons why the researcher like me decided to conduct a study on the level of language acquisition of students who are taking up Bachelor of Science in Electrical Engineering. In this study, the researcher aims to internalize the simple but deep insights of the students on the usage and inclusion of the universal language in their program.

Prepare the place as your research environment

I choose to conduct my research study at the Cebu Institute of Technology- University (CIT University) (formerly known as Cebu Institute of Technology) here in the Philippines which is a private non-sectarian academic institution, providing basic and higher education with a foundation in general and technological education.

As we all know that CIT is the first higher educational institution (HEI) in the Visayas and Mindanao classified as Category A (t). This places CIT as a mature teaching institution under the CHED-IQUAME framework. IQUAME is Institutional Quality Assurance through Monitoring and Evaluation, a system of higher education quality assurance and classification. CIT is one of only nine schools nationwide awarded by the Commission on Higher Education (CHED) as Center of Excellence in Information Technology Education.

Prepare the students as your research subjects

The research subjects are the respondents of your study with your chosen research environment. For example in my study, the subjects are the selected students of Cebu Institute of Technology- University, Cebu, Philippines.

Prepare final findings or research data as your conclusion

For example in my research study, it is not worthy to contemplate the low level of language competency of those graduating Electrical Engineering students. Just because they've gotten a low score, didn't mean they should be regarded as poor linguistic learners.

Engineers are more on numbers than words. However, the statement expounds on the distinction between Mathematics and English; it would have been better if a certain curriculum has given a parallel consideration to both academic subjects.

After having a careful and accurate analysis over this study, the researcher infers that there are lots of things that must be considered in the development of language acquisition among the graduating Electrical Engineering students. That is, the narrow deliberation of it will be a great difficulty for those students who understand problem-based questions, and for those students who seek for the best job that includes written and oral examinations.

Saturday, November 30, 2013

Effects on Education: The teacher cannot make the student learn but the former can have a tremendous influence on learning

The teaching profession must be associated with the needs of teachers who have possessed with professional qualities. The needs must encompass the following: positive atmosphere in a class wherein the students are very attentive and responsive to the discussion and some other related activities to be done inside the classroom; fair treatment among the students and the teacher himself in day-to-day living and teaching; firmness and understanding from their superiors; recognition for their contributions as far as effective teaching and humane lesson application are concerned; and chance for professional growth.

As far as the roles of teacher are concerned, Gregorio expounded on the several roles that…since learning is an active process on the part of the learner, it is not possible for the teacher to learn for the student. In a very real sense, the teacher cannot make the student learn, but the former can have a tremendous influence on learning. The teacher can help stimulate or motivate the learner by bringing the latter to see the connection between the learning problem and some significant needs or interests of the student. The teacher can help the learner make those reactions which are to be learned, and help the learner obtain the appropriate reaction by guiding his thinking through questions that focus attention on particular aspects of the problem which might otherwise be overlooked. Thus, the teacher may have a great influence by helping the learner get satisfaction from the right source of reactions. As the desired behavior is reiterated over and over, adequate practice can be provided and progress made toward a high level of learning.

According to Albert Einstein, this educational crippling of individuals I consider the worst evil of capitalism. Our whole educational system suffers from this evil. An exaggerated competitive attitude is inculcated into the student, who is trained to worship acquisitive success as a preparation for his future career. I am convinced there is only one way to eliminate these grave evils, namely through the establishment of a socialist economy, accompanied by a educational system which would be oriented toward social goals. In such an economy, the means of production are owned by society itself and are utilized in a planned fashion. A planned economy, which adjusts production to the needs of the community, would distribute the work to be done among all those able to work and would guarantee a livelihood to every man, woman and child. The education of the individual, in addition to promoting his own innate abilities, would attempt to develop in him a sense of responsibility for his fellow-men in place of the glorification of power and success in our present society.


Five fundamental principles of teaching

Educational view holds that effective teaching is the act of providing diverse activities that facilitate learning. Brown and Thornton have delineated certain distinctions between teaching and educational information-giving. According to them, both of these teaching-learning functions are indispensable, but they are not the same. They have distinct functions on how a certain student learns fast with a right approach, the other one learns very fast with memorization and the last one seems to absorb everything with conceptualization of the teaching-learning process.

Principles of teaching should be stressed out in order to be aware of the positive outlooks, teaching-learning situation, and efficiency at all times in classroom activities. Furthermore, the principles of teaching are stipulated herein by the various authors in the teaching profession, thus giving emphasis to the importance of five principles of teaching: 1) respect for the individual; 2) democracy as a way of life; 3) providing suitable conditions for the development and maintenance of a sound personality; 4) improving group living in the classroom; and 5) improving the classroom environment.

Through these principles, an effective teacher must have the best approach of teaching that gives him the nature by imparting knowledge to the students with dynamism and right strategy in class or method of teaching. It points out how a lesson is to be developed, and to be technically formulated in order for the students to take part and to pave the way for effective learning processes with the extent of participation in a classroom setting.


Forget about the consequences of failures!

What a failure in life to overcome!

If there’s a failure in life, consider it

As part of your daily routine doing household chores

Without the rules to follow.

You can’t have any success

Unless you accept failure.

Failure changes a person to be better.

Nothing fails like success

Because we don’t learn from it.

We learn from failure.

Agree or disagree?


Individual and group writing contests will carry the journalism conference theme: “Freedom of Expression: Rights and Responsibility"

“Republic Act No. 7079, also known as the Campus Journalism Act of 1991, aims to promote awareness and develop young talents in journalism. It is also intended to uphold and protect the freedom of the press at the campus level.” “Education Secretary Armin Luistro will grace the almost weeklong press conference. The aim of the national conference is to enhance the capability of the students in news gathering, news writing, radio and TV broadcasting and editorial writing and even digital news generation. The National Press Conference competition will include home line writing and desk top publishing.”


What is Filipino version of chamber theatre?

In the 3rd explanation published online, the chamber theatre is a method of adapting literary works to the stage using a maximal amount of the work's original text and often minimal and suggestive settings. The narration is included in the performed text and the narrator might be played by multiple actors. Further, Professor Robert S. Breen (1909-1991) introduced "Chamber Theater" to his Oral Interpretation Classes at Northwestern University in 1947. Northwestern’s Professor of Performance Studies Frank Galati, who studied Chamber Theater with Dr. Breen, has directed highly acclaimed Chamber Theater Productions for the Goodman Theater and Steppenwolf Theater Companies in Chicago. Galati’s Chamber Theater adaptation of John Steinbeck’s The Grapes of Wrath won two Tony Awards on Broadway. One of the most famous and elaborate examples of chamber theatre is David Edgar's The Life and Adventures of Nicholas Nickleby, in which Charles Dickens' characters narrate themselves in third person.

Here are the samples of full and semi versions of Filipino Chamber Theatre that really give emphasis to the importance of a genre and a literary chic used as a theatrical approach to performing narrative literature.  The 4th year students of Professional Academy of the Philippines (PAP) in Cebu have rendered fully the Filipino version of Chamber Theatre based on adapting literary works to the stage using a maximal amount of the work's original text and often minimal and suggestive settings. Observe how they categorically interpret and perform on stage. Enjoy and watch the sui generis Chamber Theatre.


School Paper Blog: Exclusive Blog for Students and Teachers

I would like to share with you my blog entitled "School Paper Blog: Exclusive Blog for Students and Teachers." This blog is purely intended for students and teachers who have the passion for writing various articles or any school-related newspaper stories, such as editorial, feature, news, sports, entertainment, poetry, prose or creative writing, home reading report, campus buzz, including photo essays...locally contributed or written by the students, teachers and school paper advisers who are the main contributors of Guindaruhan Tribune, The Paragon-College, The Access and other campus publications here in the Philippines.


L’éducation aux Philippines est différente de l’éducation en France

Ce voyage a été possible grâce à l’accord entre l’ambassade de France aux Philippines et le Department of Education (DepEd). Mon séjour a eu lieu du 20 octobre au 20 novembre 2012 à Tours, dans le centre de la France.

J’ai vécu dans une famille d’accueil, près de l’Institut de Touraine où j’ai suivi une formation en français.

Pour moi, tous les cours proposés étaient intéressants et les professeurs excellents ! L’échange avec les professeurs était agréable et je les ai beaucoup appréciés, même si nous étions en total désaccord sur presque tous les sujets ! Selon moi, l’éducation aux Philippines est différente de l’éducation en France. Chaque classe est étroitement surveillée par le professeur ! Les professeurs nous ont donné une grande quantité d’exercices et un programme très chargé pour progresser rapidement en un mois. Le programme proposé était varié : ateliers d’écriture, cours de grammaire, de phonétique, compréhension orale, etc.


Filipino Customs and Traditions

All of these nations contributed a lot to what the Philippines now is all about. Our nation is very well-known for its connotative name as Pearl of the Orient Seas, along with its rich marine resources and lush vegetation. The Philippines is the only Christian country in Asia; thus we should be proud for the traditions and rich history of our country. That’s the reason why the Filipinos have amalgamated cultures in consequence of occupation and it made our country very famous a long time ago after all the invading nations had returned homes to reassess Philippine history and traditions. In information, it said that Spanish rule of the Philippines began soon after the explorer Ferdinand Magellan discovered the islands in 1521. Magellan had been searching for a shorter route to Moluccas, the Spice Islands. Admiral Ruy Lopez de Villalobos named the archipelago Las Filipinas after King Philip II of Spain, and in 1565 helped build the first Spanish settlement on the main island of Luzon. It said also that the Spanish conquistadores reigned for nearly 400 years until 1898 when the United States defeated Spain in the Spanish-American War. As a result of the Treaty of Paris, Spain surrendered the Philippines, marking the end of Spanish colonial rule and the beginning of American control. In 1901, future U.S. president William Howard Taft became the first civilian governor of the islands. 


Philippines is now facing financial crises

I am living on my parent’s minimum wage. Critical situations sometimes happen to our living due to the minimum amount of wages that my parents receive every month. There are some instances wherein our family is striving more with some difficulties about money. Fortunately, we overcome our serious problems by degrees. Pursuing oneself to gain something with a greater amount of wages, one must obtain the four D’s: 1) determination to fulfill one's dream to have a better life, to gain such a greater amount of income in day-to-day life subsistence, and to work hard which is the counterpart of determination; 2) dedication to a certain job which you have been singled out for a living, and you don’t abandon it for the sake of finding a job which is not easy; 3) one must have a disciplinary character to possess and to be concerned with; and 4) you must have the diligence in handling the task and performing the job honestly without biases or prejudices against the others.


Code of Ethics in Philippine Journalism

Practice in a training school in journalism or through diligent self-study should be utterly quadrated with the canons of journalism and principles of journalism which will serve as general guide to all engaged journalists, most especially those media practitioners in the Philippines. Yes, it is true that we have the universal principles of journalism and canons of journalism, but the journalists should not resort to ignorance or nonchalance and must be aware at all times of the contents and practices as far as the real field of journalism is concerned. The canons of journalism take center stage at all times. They also serve as a “moral guide,” not only the journalists but also the people outside of the print and broadcast media industry. There is nothing to worry about, as long as the writer’s conscience is very clear. In the end, nobody can question all the writers because they follow what they think is right for the “good of all” and perhaps for the benefits of everyone.


What a great experience in Tours, France!

My 1 month stay in Tours, France is really unforgettable. During my stay in that wonderful place, it made my senses perk up as I valued how important our culture is…and the country that we live in. Based on my experience, I learned so many things: the food, the restaurants, the people, the train stations, the hotels, the department stores, the cathedrals, and other valuable and culturally known spots in the world wherein a lot of tourists frequently visit in France. Aside from my tour, I also studied French language every day from Monday to Friday. I took up different lessons according to the level of “French lesson” understanding. On Saturdays and Sundays, I toured over the place and I photographed wonderful sites, structures or edifices in which some of them are considered historical sites in Tours, France.


Breaking News: Widespread damage in the Philippines

Courtesy of Politically Incorrect  Newz (ABC News)

Many Filipino students from elementary to tertiary levels have been affected so much because of Super Typhoon Yolanda. According to ITV, the president of the Philippines has said he believes the much-publicized figure of 10,000 deaths from the typhoon may be too high. President Benigno Aquino III told CNN his government was working on an estimate of 2,000-2,500 deaths. The extent of the damage wrought by super typhoon Haiyan, on the Philippines, remains unclear. Authorities are bracing themselves for widespread damage and many deaths.

Church partners in the Philippines respond ecumenically to Super Typhoon Haiyan. The Episcopal Church in the Philippines (ECP) is organizing its network of community and farmers’ groups in the northern part of the country to produce food for Super Typhoon Haiyan relief efforts in the hard-hit central region around Tacloban and Samar.

The Church’s relief activities are part of Operation Paglingap, an initiative of the National Council of Churches in the Philippines, of which ECP is a member.  ECP staff emphasize that although the Church is actively participating in emergency relief, its most significant efforts will be in the short- and long-term recovery phases, after first-response organizations have finished their work.

According to Radio New Zealand News, millions of people have fled to safer ground or are taking refuge in shelters. Authorities have warned that more than 12 million people are at risk from Typhoon Haiyan.

Communications are down in some of the areas that were worst hit by the category 5 storm early on Friday morning.

There is particular concern about the city of Guiuan, with a population of 47,000, which was the first in line when Haiyan made landfall, the ABC reports.

The typhoon has since been tracking east to west across the central Philippines, causing widespread damage.

Sustained winds of up to 315km/h have brought down powerlines and trees. Many buildings have lost their roofs and some houses have been destroyed.

The Washington Post reported that one of the most powerful typhoons ever to make landfall crashed into the central Philippines on Friday, causing widespread damage and some loss of life, but the colossal storm’s speed may have spared the island nation an even worse fate.

Typhoon Haiyan’s heavy winds and huge storm surge killed a lot of  people, according to unofficial reports monitored by the Philippine Embassy in Washington, said Ambassador Jose L. Cuisia Jr. The Filipino government has confirmed  deaths, he said. Damage was widespread but impossible to estimate with communication cut off to islands such as Samar, Leyte, Cebu and Panay in the path of the huge storm, but search and rescue efforts had begun, Cuisia said.

SunStar reported that official death toll from Typhoon Yolanda (Haiyan) that ravaged Central Philippines last week jumped to almost 4,000, based on the latest report of the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC).

NDRRMC Executive Director Eduardo del Rosario said that based on the disaster bureau's 6 p.m. update on Monday, the death toll has risen to 3,976. Eastern Visayas reported 3,725 deaths. Around 1,602 are still missing and 18,175 were reported injured.

The total cost of damage in Yolanda-hit regions have reached P10,384,690,061 with the agriculture sector suffering the largest lost at P9,089,181,461.00.

Philippines News.Net reported that EU mobilizes P600M for Yolanda victims. 'Yolanda' flattens Guiuan, Samar. Almost all structures in Guiuan, Eastern Samar were either damaged or flattened by super typhoon Yolanda on November 8 as seen in the aerial photo taken from a PAF helicopter on Sunday, November 10. Yolanda made its first landfall in Guiuan.

The European Union on Monday said it has mobilized P600 million in humanitarian assistance to the Philippines for the areas ravaged by Typhoon Yolanda. EU Development Commissioner Andris Piebalgs said he convened an emergency meeting with EU ambassadors in Manila to discuss the extent of the devastation.

Super Typhoon Haiyan Update: Foreign governments offer money, equipment, etc. to help the victims rebuild their lives

Courtesy of BBC News

According to reports of TV5, many countries have offered financial aids and relief goods to the victims of Super Typhoon Yolanda:

1. Australia has pledged Aus$10 million dollars (US$9.38 million), of which Aus$4 million will go to the United Nations global appeal and Aus$3 million for Australian non-government organizations;

2. Britain has offered an emergency support package worth US$9.6 million;

3. Canada has pledged up to US$5 million to humanitarian organizations trying to help survivors in the Philippines;

4. The Red Cross of China has initially given US$100,000 as emergency humanitarian aid to support relief efforts;

5. The European Union has given three million euros (US$4 million) toward relief efforts;

6. Germany's embassy in Manila said it has an initial shipment of 23 tons of aid was being flown in and German rescue teams were already at work;

 Courtesy of BBC News

7. Japan is sending a 24-member medical team from its Japan Disaster Relief (JDR). Earlier, two personnel from its Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Japan International Cooperation Agency arrived in the Philippines on November 10 to assess the damage;

8. New Zealand, which chipped in US$124,000 earlier, has increased its humanitarian relief, bringing its total to NZ$2.15 million (US$1.78 million);

9. Prince Talal bin Abdulaziz Al Saud of Saudi Arabia, through the Arab Gulf Program for Development (AGFUND), has pledged US$100,000;

10. Singapore will donate 50,000 Singapore dollars (US$ 40,000) through the Singapore Red Cross to support relief efforts in the Philippines;

11. Taiwan's government has pledged immediate cash aid of US$200,000;

 Courtesy of euronews

12. Turkey is expected to send 90 tons of relief supplies; His Highness Sheikh Khalifa Bin Zayed Al Nahyan of the United Arab Emirates said it has initiated a $10-million donation to the Philippines;

13. The United States military is sending personnel and equipment. Some 90 Marines and sailors, and two KC-130J Hercules aircraft, left Japan for the Philippines on Saturday, with equipment including tilt-rotor aircraft which can operate without runways; and

14. Vietnam is donating emergency aid worth US$100,000 and will continue to consider practical support measures within its capacity.

To give emphasis to the importance of humanitarian aid, to summarize and account for relief goods and financial support from the other countries, SunStar Manila has listed down those countries that have made offers of assistance:

1. Australia – financial aid
2. Belgium – medics, rapid response team, search and rescue personnel
3. Canada – financial aid; in-kind donations
4. China – financial aid
5. Denmark – financial aid
6. Finland – in-kind donations
7. Germany - in-kind donations, medics, rapid response team, search and rescue personnel
8. Hungary – medics, rapid response team, search and rescue personnel
9. Indonesia – in-kind donations
10. Israel – medics, rapid response team, search and rescue personnel
11. Japan – medics, rapid response team, search and rescue personnel
12. Malaysia – medics, rapid response team, search and rescue personnel, supplies
13. The Netherlands – financial aid
14. New Zealand – financial aid
15. Norway – financial aid
16. Russia – medics, rapid response team, search and rescue personnel
17. Singapore – financial aid
18. Spain – in-kind donations
19. Sweden – financial aid
20. Turkey – in-kind donations, medics, rapid response team, search and rescue personnel
21. United Arab Emirates – financial aid
22. United Kingdom – financial aid
23. United States of America - financial aid, deployment of ships and aircrafts, medics rapid response team, search and rescue personnel

  Courtesy of PTV PH

As of press time, there are still pledges and incoming financial aids from different countries, especially the presidents who are willing to help wholeheartedly those victims in Super Typhoon Yolanda.

Latest Update: Relief goods continue flooding in the affected areas

 Courtesy of GMA News TV

BBC reported despite the increased aid effort, many survivors still badly need food, water and shelter, aid officials say.

There has been criticism of relief efforts, as the damage to transport links and bad weather are hindering distribution of relief supplies.

However, Philippine Interior Minister Mar Roxas told the BBC that relief efforts were on track.

According to CNN, desperation grew among Filipinos who've been without electricity or shelter for more than a week since Super Typhoon Haiyan reduced homes to splinters, prompting the military to alter rescue maneuvers, an official said Saturday.

"People swarm the helicopters, so we land the helicopters a little bit farther from the population areas," said Maj. Gen. Romer Poquiz of the Philippine Air Force. "So before the people come in, we would take off, go and drop in other places, drop and then go, drop, go, drop, go, at various places."

Several countries, including the U.S. military, continued to assist Philippine authorities in a massive relief effort of delivering food and water to the devastated swaths of the archipelago. The central government is being criticized for a slow and disorganized response to what all agree is a catastrophic disaster.

SunStar Dumaguete reported the non-government organization Oriental Negros Children’s Advocacy Network (Oncan) delivered another batch of food, clothing and household items for the victims of Typhoon Yolanda (Haiyan) in Eastern Samar.

Oncan president Marietta Jambora told Sun.Star that the relief goods were shipped out Tuesday evening via Roll-on, Roll-off (Roro) Cokaliong Lines. Jambora said the nine-ton goods are intended for 1,707 families.

She said they sent the first batch of goods, about 15 tons, to Tacloban City on November 23 via a C130 plane of the Philippine Air Force on November 23. The shipment, she added, was made in cooperation with mthe 302nd Infantry Brigade of the Philippine Army.

SunStar Cebu also reported as more foreign aid pours into the Philippines, local government units in southern Cebu yesterday brought assistance to areas in the north, which were devastated by super typhoon Yolanda.

Among the foreign donors was the Chinese Government, which donated tents and cash despite its territorial conflict with the Philippines.

The Cebu Provincial Government, on the other hand, received US$500,000 worth of medicines from the Israeli Government, which sent a medical team to the Severo Virallo Memorial Hospital in Bogo City to treat typhoon survivors.

On the other hand, Philippine Daily Inquirer reported the death toll  from Super typhoon “Yolanda” (international name: Haiyan) is now at 5,632, the National Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC) said Saturday.

The number of typhoon fatalities is expected to rise as 1, 759 people remain missing and at least 26, 136 others were wounded after “Yolanda” flattened entire communities in the Visayas early this month, the NDRRMC said.

A total of 1,168,909 houses were damaged, with 582,827 totally destroyed and 586,082 partially damaged, affecting over three million families from 12,014 barangays affected by the monster typhoon, it said.

In its latest report, the disaster management agency said  the cost of damage wrought by the typhoon has reached P30.6 billion–P14.9 billion to infrastructure and P15.6 billion to agriculture. The government and aid agencies have shelled out P708 million worth of relief assistance to the affected families.

PDI stressed out the total foreign aid pledges, according to the government’s Foreign Aid Transparency Hub(FAiTH) , have reached P18,206,646,580.80 while the total foreign aid received is at P532,641,084.55.

Friday, November 29, 2013

Structured Lessons in Writing

 The summary of instructions of the structured lessons in writing enumerated as follows:

Lesson 1: Work with a partner. Go over the useful expressions in the box. Without looking at the list, write what the leader can say when the following situations occur during an open forum, symposium, or even just a group discussion in class.

Lesson 2: Build sentences around the following headwords using the given cues by using single-word or compound adjectives.

Lesson 3: Complete each sentence with the correct word from the given set. Give the equivalent phonetic symbol of the underlined letter combination.

Lesson 4: The words found after each key word are its synonyms and antonyms. Guided by the key word, select and group the synonyms and antonyms separately. Write also the equivalent phonetic symbol of the underlined letter combination.

Lesson 5: Complete the words in the following sentences by adding -ar, -er, or or when they are deemed necessary.

Lesson 6: Choose one of five passages that follow. Mark the places where you should normally pause: a single diagonal line (/) for a short pause, double diagonal lines (//) for a final pause. Mark the words you don't know how to pronounce. Consult a dictionary and pronounce them accurately. Practice reading aloud the passage of your choice. Be ready to read it to your teacher individually for grading.

Lesson 7: Prepare a report about any aspect of the life and culture of any of these countries: China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand. Prepare visual aids (drawings, pictures, transparencies for an overhead projector) for a more effective presentation and delivery of your

report. Observe the steps to take in preparing reports. Likewise, prepare to write and deliver an oral report on any of the types of literature (epics, folklore, poetry, the short story, the novel).


Structured Lessons in Listening

To encapsulate and give the overview as well as insights into the instructions of the structured lessons in listening, all the lesson-instructions written below were conducted step by step.

Lesson 1: Listen to your teacher read each question and pick out the parts of the intonation contour. Intonation is also used to indicate whether one is asking a question or making a statement. Listen to your teacher read each item: first, asking a question; second, making a statement using the same word (s). Listen again and repeat the intonation that your teacher used.

Lesson 2: Here's a selection. Divide the class into three (3) groups. Let each group assign a reader of this selection and ask the recorders to write on the board with the mispronounced words.

Lesson 3: Listen to your teacher read the sentences that follow. While he reads and, at the same time, takes note how the underlined words are pronounced and how they are marked. Be ready to answer these questions: What part of the underlined word has the primary stress? What syllable has the primary stress in intensive-reflexive pronouns?

Lesson 4: The students' performance in the production of the /I/ or /ε/ sound was very poor inasmuch as it is absent from the students' local dialect. Have a minimal pair drill.

Lesson 5: Listen to the teacher as he reads the selection, and list down all the words containing the /iy/, /I/ and /ε/ sounds. See that you produce the vowel sounds correctly. Also, observe pausing, blending, and intonation for correct English rhythm. Divide the class into three (3) teams and see whether each team has accurately made the list complete.

Lesson 6: Have a minimal pair drill of /iy/ and /I/, /ε/ and /ey/, /ε/ and /æ/, /a/ and /æ/, /æ/ and /^/, /uw/ and /u/, /ow/ and /כ/. Follow the same sounds with other phonetic symbols in the vowel triangle.


Structured Lessons in Speaking and Reading

To encapsulate the instructions and give the overview of the structured lessons in speaking, hereunder were the given instructions conducted by the researcher to the selected students:

Lesson 1: Practice saying the following phrases first using the /ey/ and /I/, then do the sentence substitution drill. Read also the following sentences carefully, pronouncing vowel sounds correctly. Mark the syllables of words where you would find the schwa sound instead of the vowel sound.

Lesson 2: Read silently the following paragraphs, then speak out or discuss the questions using the expressions in giving opinions, agreeing, and disagreeing.

Lesson 3: Read the following sentences clearly distinguishing /iy/ from /I/. Observe correct blending, phrasing, and intonation for more effective speech. Read the following stanzas for more practice.

Lesson 4: Answer the 5 sentences or groups of sentences. Each of them has a new word. Each also has a clue to the meaning of the new word.

Lesson 5: Read the word next to the number in column A. Read all the words in column B. For each word in column A find an answer in column B that means the same or almost the same. In the space next to the word in column A, write the correct letter from column B.

Lesson 6: Read the selection silently. Do you agree with the title that we are what we think?

Lesson 7: The teacher reads the poem entitled "Open-End Quality" by Lilia Lopez-Chua, then the students read the poem themselves. Enunciation is strictly observed by reading this poem.


Types of tests for students in English

Appropriateness. Write the word that best corresponds to the essential meaning.

1. The blue scarf will (complement, compliment) your new suit.

2. The (aisle, isle) is located somewhere in the middle of South

China Sea.

3. Students flock in the bookstores to buy (stationary,


4. We suggest that you (council, counsel) her concerning her behavior.

5. The church law is better known as the (cannon, canon) law.

6. They knew how to grind the (colonel, kernel) into oats.

7. We were (altogether, all together) again during the silver

jubilee of our class reunion.

8. Her (childish, childlike) countenance will win the admiration

of the boys.

9. If you want to know the value of this ring, let him (appraise,

apprise) it.

10. I fear the (claw, clause) of a monkey.


How to teach foreign language and propagate cultural diversities to Filipinos

In the Philippines it is not only enough to have taught foreign languages but also to have propagated cultural diversities. According to FrancoPhil organizers, a new, fresh and exciting French cultural season in the Philippines, otherwise known as FrancoPhil, the 2011 French cultural season is a play on the word "Francophile," meaning a lover of French culture, and is a celebration of the ties that bind French and Filipino culture. The word also signals the expansion of the cultural season to other major cities such as Cebu, as well as highlights the collaboration between French and Filipino artists in many of the events. The FrancoPhil program, spread throughout the year, is a sustained mission to bring French culture to the greater Filipino public, which usually sees French events as "too highbrow" or too distant from their everyday lives.

Guindaruhan National High School, upon special consent and permit from DepEd-NCR to transfer the teaching and learning French language, will cater the special program for foreign language to selected 3rd year and 4th year students hopefully by next year for the gradual transitions from one station to another station and from MNSHS students to GNHS students. French language will be taught by the school head Dr. Ermetes F. Adolfo, Jr.


A paragraph presentation of research methodology

Focuses of the study were the students in first year, and they considered themselves as the target population with sampling methods specified. The freshmen were exposed to the special program, with inclusive standards of tests, based upon the identified needs of the two classes while the researcher had undergone exclusive criteria in implementing the accepted standards used also in making decisions or judgments about the tests given to the pilot classes. After the researcher had conducted a series of tests to the aforementioned subjects, 75 students differed themselves in terms of their intellectual abilities. The class schedule is daily, Monday to Friday.


A paragraph presentation of research design

Descriptive Survey Method was used in this study. It evaluated the effectiveness of structured macro-skills' development lessons in English, and ascertained the efficacy of learning approach on the knowledge and skills, which geared directly towards employing ideas, methods, or materials that have not been tried before. It was also a technique used for describing qualitatively the general characteristics and tendencies of a group. Questionnaire, actual conduct of study (pretest and posttest), document analysis and observation were used as the methods for gathering data.


A 2-paragraph presentation of research environment

The school is the center of all the schools in Municipality of Minglanilla since it is singled out as a science high school in Cebu South. All activities are done/held in this school. The school principals and subject area coordinators are conferring to one another and all are subject to the lead principal's supervision/direction. The name of the school as the place of study is Minglanilla National Science High School. It is the public science high school in the Municipality of Minglanilla in Cebu South. The principal allowed the researcher to conduct, dredge up and further have cognizance of the study under her administration, effective SY 2011-2012.


A 3-paragraph presentation of research respondents

Focuses of the study were the students in first year, and they considered themselves as the target population with sampling methods specified. The freshmen were exposed to the special program, with inclusive standards of tests, based upon the identified needs of the two classes while the researcher had undergone exclusive criteria in implementing the accepted standards used also in making decisions or judgments about the tests given to the pilot classes. After the researcher had conducted a series of tests to the aforementioned subjects, 75 students differed themselves in terms of their intellectual abilities. The class schedule is daily, Monday to Friday.


A 3-paragraph presentation of research instruments

A research-made or self-made type of examination was singled out in preparation for the pretest and posttest, including the record sheet as instrumentally utilized for the seventy-five (75) student-entrants in the two pilot classes. The prepared pretest and posttest were based on the intelligence quotients, modules or short courses of research study. They were aimed at determining the knowledge of English, particularly the knowledge of structured English lessons - given the test with a total of one hundred (100) items each. The pretested rubric was used on the criteria, which is set to determine the skills in communication and structured English lessons. Finally, a record sheet was also used to reflect the scores of the students in the pretest and posttest for data analysis and documentation.


How to determine the efficacy and interventions of teaching-learning process between the respondents and teacher

To determine the efficacy and interventions of teaching-learning process between the respondents and teacher as the researcher of this study, here are all instructions utilizing the language teaching, namely, listening, speaking, reading and writing. Likewise, all instructions are specifically used as interventions of the study by the researcher based on the macro-skills teaching-learning performance. Complete details or checklist interference so as to modify a process or situation is found in appendices.

The three components of language

Communication Arts in English is not taught in a vacuum. Although its objective is to develop in the students the language skills in listening, speaking, reading and writing, the teacher uses content materials in the pursuance of the skills' objectives. In teaching English, the teacher is guided by the assumption that language is tri-modal. This means that language is composed of three components or hierarchies which interlace with one another. There are three components of language: phonology, structure and lexicon. The first component is phonology. Phonology is the science that deals with sounds. It has two divisions, namely, phonetics and phonemics. Phonetics deals with separate sounds or phones. Its three branches are articulatory phonetics which deals with speech production, auditory phonetics which deals with speech reception, and acoustic phonetics which deals with speech transmission. Phonemics is that branch of structural linguistics which has for its subject matter the organization of phones with groups of faculties of sounds called phonemes.


Monday, November 25, 2013

The 5 videos entitled "We are the world for Philippines" encourage the people from around the world to donate or give what they have...

Please help support the Filipinos who still struggle to survive because of Super Typhoon Yolanda. The 5 videos entitled "We are the world for Philippines" encourage the people from around the world to donate or give what they have in order to survive...

In each video, it appeals that in light of the calamity of typhoon Haiyan/Yolanda that left our fellowmen in Southern Visayas helpless.  Artists of different ages, genres and backgrounds gather together for one common goal. Watch more...

To make each video as an encouragement to people to open their hearts, lend a helping hand and to thank the nations that offered aid to our country. WE ARE FOREVER GRATEFUL.To our fellow Filipinos, STAY STRONG! United we stand! BANGON VISAYAS! WALANG IWANAN!

Super Typhoon Yolanda has stricken the entire region, especially in the Visayas, in order to uplift the morale of each Filipino, the song entitled "We are the world for Philippines" relieves the pain for each victim who suffered a lot...after the aftermath of the typhoon.

We have the incoming relief. Aid workers and relief supplies are being poured into eastern provinces hit by Typhoon Haiyan, which aid agencies and officials estimated has left thousands dead and staggering destruction in its wake.

According to Rappler, food aid has reached the hands of nearly 50,000 people in Tacloban City, one of the hardest hit areas ravaged by Super Typhoon Yolanda (Haiyan). The United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) sent canned food and rice for a total of 49,000 hungry victims, the agency said in its operations update issued Thursday, November 14. The Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) distributed the food in family packs, which can feed starving victims for the next few days.

How a "slum" girl puts herself on a level with the highest lady in the land

This sort of drama is a Filipino version performed by the selected students of University of the Visayas-Minglanilla Campus. The content is slightly opposite to the original version, but the genre is the same. According to the article published online, the protagonist was one of those pretty and charming girls born, as though fate had blundered over her, into a family of artisans. She had no marriage portion, no expectations, no means of getting known, understood, loved, and wedded by a man of wealth and distinction; and she let herself be married off to a little clerk in the Ministry of Education. Her tastes were simple because she had never been able to afford any other, but she was as unhappy as though she had married beneath her; for women have no caste or class, their beauty, grace, and charm serving them for birth or family, their natural delicacy, their instinctive elegance, their nimbleness of wit, are their only mark of rank, and put the slum girl on a level with the highest lady in the land.


Sunday, November 24, 2013

Chamber theatre is a theatrical approach to performing narrative literature

What is chamber theatre? According to the 3 explanations published online, in the 1st explanation, the chamber theater is an interpretation of literary works put on the stage, usually a majority of the text is kept in-tact. Minimal set pieces, costumes do not always suggest the character. In the 2nd explanation, the chamber theatre is a style advocated by Robert Breen as a theatrical approach to performing narrative literature. It is a still-evolving form, so do not hesitate to experiment to find the most effective and appropriate ways to make the script come alive as theatre. Most of its techniques are the same as those in Story Theatre, since both use the same basic approach to full-stage performance. In the 3rd explanation, the chamber theatre is a method of adapting literary works to the stage using a maximal amount of the work's original text and often minimal and suggestive settings. The narration is included in the performed text and the narrator might be played by multiple actors.

In the article, it said that Professor Robert S. Breen (1909-1991) introduced "Chamber Theater" to his Oral Interpretation Classes at Northwestern University in 1947. Northwestern’s Professor of Performance Studies Frank Galati, who studied Chamber Theater with Dr. Breen, has directed highly acclaimed Chamber Theater Productions for the Goodman Theater and Steppenwolf Theater Companies in Chicago. Galati’s Chamber Theater adaptation of John Steinbeck’s The Grapes of Wrath won two Tony Awards on Broadway. One of the most famous and elaborate examples of chamber theatre is David Edgar's The Life and Adventures of Nicholas Nickleby, in which Charles Dickens' characters narrate themselves in third person. Set pieces are carried in and taken away during the performance, rather than between scenes, and objects may be represented in a mimetic manner. Another example is Matthew Spangler's stage adaptation of Khaled Hosseini's novel The Kite Runner.

The Filipino Chamber Theatre version really gives emphasis to the importance of a genre and a literary chic used as a theatrical approach to performing narrative literature. The 4th year students of Professional Academy of the Philippines (PAP) in Cebu have rendered fully the Filipino version of Chamber Theatre based on adapting literary works to the stage using a maximal amount of the work's original text and often minimal and suggestive settings. Observe how they categorically interpret and perform on stage. Enjoy and watch the sui generis Chamber Theatre…  


Friday, November 8, 2013

A Correlative Study of the Mental Ability and Language Achievement

According to Pahang (1995) in her dissertation entitled "A Correlative Study of the Mental Ability and Language Achievement," this study has something to do with the freshman's actual needs in English. The question is how students can later on develop essays and other literary forms after attending English classes. Some of them will later enjoy reading newspapers and write letters. But others will become tourists, immigrants, hotel clerks, and stewards on cruise ships, journalists, diplomats, participants in domestic and foreign conferences. Such people will need to be able to communicate orally, write legibly, read with comprehension and understand each other when conversant or concerned individual speaks. If speech is unintelligible, the act of communication has failed; the person who is supposed to receive the message would fail to respond or if ever a response is made, this may be inappropriate.

It is also supported by Gabison (1991) in her study entitled "A Correlative Study of the Mental Ability and Language Achievement," it is worth-noting that these structural lessons are dependent upon the data gathered from the language inventory tests responded to by the learners. For theoretical specificity, these structural lessons consider the four (4) areas of English language teaching, namely: listening, speaking, reading and writing as sequenced in the lessons. The lessons are more on the difficulties and needs of the freshmen as identified by the students and their teachers. Those studying English may be aware of the importance of oral and written communications. The students who are second speakers of the English language expend their efforts to acquire proficiency in this particular language.

Students need to be able to communicate orally. That is, a learner needs to comprehend each other; if speech is unintelligible, the act of communication, needless to say, has failed. The student who is to receive the message fails to respond inappropriately. Thus, it is very important that one should learn to speak as intelligible as possible - not necessarily like native speakers - but well and clear enough to be understood. Communication needs constant practice despite the barrier of the language made culturally diverse from the others. Difficulty of the language is inevitable on the learner who is not native speaker of the language. That's why structured English lessons are a must in the step-by-step study and in-depth analysis done by the students themselves in order to pan out both in oral and written communications in English (Navarro, 2001).


The use of language as an instrument to achieve freedom and justice

 Spearheaded by the Komisyon ng Wikang Filipino and the Department of Education, a lineup of activities has been firmed up to draw maximum participation from students who themselves are the biggest group that uses and studies the national language as part of their school lesson.

According to Education Secretary Armin Luistro, the month-long celebration of the national language is divided into five parts. From August 1 to 7, the focus is in giving importance to the national language which will be highlighted by taking to heart the lyrics of the national anthem.

"I think this generation has to revisit and better appreciate the significance of every word and the depth of nationalism embodied in our national anthem," said Luistro.

In a press release sent out a few weeks ago, DepEd said from August 8 to 14, the highlight is on the importance of the national language in enforcing discipline that will lead to national development. For this, the text of the pledge of allegiance to the Philippine flag will be dissected and put to heart. The schools are encouraged to stage plays and writing contests that emphasize why discipline is important in achieving progress.

On August 15 to 21, the theme is the use of language as an instrument to achieve freedom and justice. Schools are encouraged to conduct a symposium on the history of the country's struggle for freedom and the holding of debate following the theme "Ang Kahalagahan ng Wika sa Larangan ng Katarungan."

For the week of August 22 to 28, the theme is "Wikang Filipino: Tugon sa Malinaw na Programa sa Tuwid na Landas." The week will be about composing songs and writing poetry on the programs being pursued by the government such as caring for the environment, cleanliness and promotion of national language.

The remaining days of August will be anchored on the celebration of the Filipino language as the voice of teachers, students, and the language of heroism.

Luistro said this will be observed by celebrating the ideals by which our national hero Dr. Jose Rizal lived and died for the motherland. Schools are also expected to come up with programs that will make students understand why the language is the light and strength of a nation.


Poem: We should be strong and ask God when we have problems

For failure is just a part of one's life

As the saying goes, "It is not at all times we are sad"

It is not at all times there is peace

It is not at all times there is war

It is not at all times that we work out our problems

But, it is not wrong to keep on trying our best in order to attain our goals

For life has its own balance

Just remember the world is round and it will not stop revolving

Life is a mysterious gift that God, our creator, has given to us

Life is a passion and it gives hope to everyone who lives righteously with God

For life itself has its own balance

We should never mess it up. 


National presscon problems crowd the thoughts of campus journalists

The recent national seminar-workshop has provided a worthwhile experience for student-editors and school paper advisers. The very foundation of campus journalism not only in English language but also in French language has been keenly tackled with different topics presented during the training, and provided the participants with additional expertise in school paper governance and notions about investigative journalism.

Many challenges cram the nooks and crannies of the school paper business. From writing techniques to financial considerations, problems crowd the thoughts of campus journalists. How these things are resolved will likewise vary from case to case basis. But, in this scenario, the attitude remains the same! The seminar has provided with a venue for these attitudes and traits to be developed; inevitably, many of the challenges that "scribes" have encountered become less tough to deal with.

Being prolific in every endeavor, and being generally useful as what people may say, the seminar becomes an avenue not only for personal development, but also for improvement of society as a whole. It is in these conferences that the youth are motivated to become God-loving and socially responsible citizens of the country.

On the other hand, it's high time for the youth to think that this campus journalism delegation has provided everyone with an opportunity to improve communication skills the most. Interacting with rural and urban youth of today's generation, and in addition to trying to create relationships with the other mentors of the teaching profession have provided with a wonderful experience in cross-cultural communication and dialogue within Philippine territories. The workshops are incredibly helpful in terms of initiating this process. As a result of the workshop time in Teachers' Camp, everyone feels like he/she is much more able to write and communicate effectively and respectfully.

In conclusion, the Department of Education should promote the regular occurrence of these academically-oriented forums. The future success of the country is dependent upon the youth's outlook of life, so it wouldn't be better for them to develop into more productive citizens while the time copiously allows them with vital parts of the efforts to improve the youth's lives and help shape the present society.


Thursday, November 7, 2013

Let's build a strong foundation for the kids' future

As a parent of two kids, for five years of attending the "preschool" school, I've been actively recommending other parents to study in the primary school because of the tuition fees which are so affordable, and the personal characteristics of the teachers are tremendous. They are well-trained preschool teachers.

They possessed characteristics such as punctuality and enthusiasm, intelligence, good physical and mental health, loyalty and commitment, respect for the dignity of the individual, fair level of tolerance, good professional and human relations, good moral and ethical character, leadership and followership, and most of all love for children.

Let's celebrate the days of preschool recognition and success and always prepare for the challenges that meet each of our children as they venture through life. For although we may consciously make the most positive decisions in day-to-day struggles in their preschool studies, you and I know that there will always be hard days for them and for all of us parents.

It is during the times of success that the kids will stay and enjoy, will know their teachers' names. And it is also during funny times of competition that the preschoolers and parents will know each character. To our children who enrolled in a competitive primary learning institution, you are now the recipients of this school year with various academic awards and you are equipped to take on the world of preschool recognition and achievements.

Your life is now your destiny. In fact, a competitive preschool education will not impose deadlines but give constant learning struggles to achieve. In my point of view, whether we like it or not, your preschool life is yours to create.

We have simply built a strong foundation for the kids' future, so you must single out a "preschool" that offers competitive learning and can independently design and shape one's character--building your child's character just to be submissive, but competitive in a righteous manner.

Public school commences with effective management, curriculum implementation and instructional delivery

Curriculum Implementation & Instructional Delivery: The school at present is using K-12 Curriculum with pedagogical integration of Special Program for Foreign Language (SPFL) -- French. 100% of the teachers are using English and Filipino as their medium of instructions;  30% of the teachers are providing for Teaching and Learning Materials; 85% of the students are joining in clubbing interventions like mini quiz bee, peer learning activity,  tutorials; 25% of the teachers may make learning and teaching innovations; and 80% of the teachers develop teaching and learning materials for everyday use like visual aids, testing materials, testing kits...Staff Development: Teaching Improvement Areas are 98% of the teachers attended seminar twice a year; 90% of the teachers participated in school-based in-service training once a month; 30% of the teachers were sent to the training outside of the school. School Management: The administrator will meet the different stakeholders once a month, as part of improving the 10% communication. The School Head will spearhead more remedial classes twice a week by 60% attendance with the teachers and students. The management will improve 80% attendance on review classes in two Saturdays a month. Likewise, the school administration will devote 10% of time in sourcing out funds from the stakeholders On the other hand, designations of respective coordinators, teacher responsibilities and clubbing will be implemented by 85%. And finally the school will implement 90% of the programs such as Tree Planting (GWEN) which is participated in by 90% of the students. The clubbing and organizations are composed of 10% members of the school: Junior police Club (JPC), Cultural Dance Troupe by 15%, 8% for Glee Club, 30% for Math and Science Club, 17% for TLE Club and 14% for SSG, Writers' Club and others.


Target language revolves in stratified contemporary levels of educational system

Written in a clear and straightforward style, the multilingual setting in learning the target language is indispensable in order to have significant language and literature background information and detailed practical advice to help school teachers at all levels come across the challenge of imparting knowledge effectively to students in multilingual settings. Multilingualism is becoming a social phenomenon governed by the students' needs of globalization and cultural openness. In connection with this, the Filipino linguist-researchers feel the need to study foreign languages like English and French to be utilized in teaching language and literature subjects in both the secondary and tertiary levels in the Philippines, aside from the primary level, so as to assess the conditions of the target language revolving particularly in the stratified contemporary levels of educational system.


Saturday, October 26, 2013

Why is sex rampant nowadays to teenagers?

Why is sex rampant nowadays to teenagers? What do you think is the reason behind the deterioration of values, including self-destruction because the body is a temple of God? Well, the answer lies in how we interpret sex and how we bring up our kids to conform to the norms of spiritual living with the people around us. The upbringing of each child depends upon the family values and conservativeness wherein the family members are afraid of God. They are afraid that they might violate the 10 commandments, most especially the law of chastity. Carnal pleasure is normal, isn’t it? It is normal for every human being who is desirous of something like lust. According to LDS doctrine, chastity is sexual purity. Those who are chaste are morally clean in their thoughts, words, and actions. Chastity means not having any sexual relations before marriage. It also means complete fidelity to husband or wife during marriage. In this explanation, the carnal pleasure should be weeded out in God’s presence, and it should be done only if there is divine permission to procreate. So, carnal pleasure, once it is committed, is purely intended for the devil. Each one of us must avoid it and focus on or pay our attention to God’s eternal happiness. President Gordon B. Hinckley said “Pornography is the literature of the devil. Shun it. Stay away from it. Lift your sights and your minds to the higher and nobler things of life. Remember, ‘wickedness never was happiness’ (Alma 41:10). Sin never brought happiness. Transgression never brought happiness. Disobedience never brought happiness” (Brigham Young University devotional, 17 Oct. 1995).


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Important Quotes for Teachers

The mediocre teacher tells. The good teacher explains. The superior teacher demonstrates. The great teacher inspires. ~William Arthur Ward. The best teacher is the one who suggests rather than dogmatizes, and inspires his listener with the wish to teach himself. ~Edward Bulwer-Lytton. A teacher's purpose is not to create students in his own image, but to develop students who can create their own image. ~Author Unknown. What the teacher is, is more important than what he teaches. ~Karl Menninger. Teaching should be full of ideas instead of stuffed with facts. ~Author Unknown. The task of the excellent teacher is to stimulate "apparently ordinary" people to unusual effort. The tough problem is not in identifying winners: it is in making winners out of ordinary people. ~K. Patricia Cross


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