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Friday, April 27, 2012

Literary implications, emphasis and understanding

College students are required to research on the internet for the glossary of terms or list of literary terms with expanded explicit and implicit meanings, write term papers or assigned topics to develop at the end of every semester. These tasks are not at all difficult to carry out if one has a full comprehension of what really glossary of terms and phrases to utilize, where information can be acquired, and how learning materials may be interpreted. Explicit and implicit meanings are indicators of word sources of data used in research. The researcher must know how to use glossary of terms either in surfing over the internet or printed materials. Here are the important educational terms and phrases, along with literary implications, emphasis and understanding .

Research procedures of macro-skills refer to the efficacy and interventions of teaching-learning process between the respondents and teacher wherein all instructions are specifically used as interventions of the study by the researcher based on the teaching-learning performance.

Oral quizzing points out to giving the grades of students during daily and graded recitations.

Objective examination is a kind of exam which is objective in nature and which is significant in the sense that when two or more persons scoring the same examination paper apart from one another will acquire the same test results.

Eclectic motivation gives emphasis to the importance of strategies in teaching wherein the teacher should not be utilizing one technique of motivation at a time and he must be utilizing as many strategies or techniques as possible at any given time.

Cognitive learning stresses out verbal and ideational learning which is also the acquisition of savvy, facts and information, concepts, comprehension, rationalization and the like.

Teaching the essence of education to students educates the values in the real sense that the learners with different backgrounds and personalities have one goal, one mission and one vision, and it imparts knowledge to them as students regardless of age, gender and race.

Language skills’ acquisition requires the mastery of a learner in terms of educational system that takes literally years to learn; in addition, it requires on the part of the teacher skill in noting the difficulties of the learners in both oral and written English, presuming that the students have mastered the listening skill while still in their elementary years.

Language facility raises student’s intelligence as measured by intelligence tests; and for this reason, the language facility in speaking and in writing is a must for the educator who has to find ways to teach all his students properly because if the students are taught properly, the latter can learn skills and concepts necessary to function in modern society.

Classroom management is concerned with the effective teaching and safety of every learner inside and outside of the classroom, including the administration of activities with special reference to diverse problems in educational settings; in addition, it is composed of the six educational elements such as discipline, democratic techniques, use of supplies and reference materials, physical features of the classroom, general housekeeping and social relationship of students.

Language learning is indispensable on the part of learners who undergo rigid studies of the language, but teaching involves much more than the savvy of methods and other significant learning approaches in acquiring a particular language.

Decision making is regarded as an outcome of mental processes leading to the selection of a course of action among several choices with different points of view, thus fulfilling every decision making that produces a final result in the educational learning process.

Multiple intelligences model is one of the contributory factors in panning out through a variety of learning style models that have been proposed in general education with follow-up inquiry by language educators in order to enhance, dredge up and discover the potentialities and capabilities of every learner in the classroom.

English for special purposes is one the desirable goals to strive in language teaching and in general communicative competence; besides, language teaching has a definite purpose, and the teachers themselves teach only the requisite for a particular purpose, be it an occupation or business English, or a domain which is English for Science and Technology.

Secondary freshmen are student-entrants of any learning institution to ameliorate learning based on the structured lessons, and they differ mentally according to the departmentalized lessons, advanced lessons presented, and general performance leading to their intellectual aspects of learning.

Students with their macro-skills may refer to the general aspect to grasp at the innovative teaching-learning approaches shared to them not only by the teachers but also by the freshmen in terms of the five (5) areas of English language teaching, namely, listening, speaking, reading, writing and viewing as sequenced in the lessons.

Replication is a kind of answer coming from the students who would like to share their notions about the topics given by the teacher and carry out the tasks with direct way of replicating the questions based on what has been transpired in the lessons.

Classroom operations’ management may refer to the entire control and operation of all classroom activities done by both the teachers and students.

Drill indicates a special activity in the classroom which has intended solely for the teacher’s objective or goal in strengthening the connections and bonds of a certain skill possessed by every student or person. It is one of the techniques done by the teacher in carrying out the task. Drill is one of the most widely utilized procedures in teaching.

Attention refers to the attitude of readiness for action to be performed by both the teacher and students in the classroom; in addition, it gives emphasis to the importance of a mental act or concentration of the mind’s energy on an object or thought wherein the participants are directly involved and they are ready to perform or answer the questions with ease and freedom.

Goals may refer to the aims of effective education, and these may also be either general or specific, or may be either philosophical or psychological.

Group activity is a school activity carried on cooperatively by a group of learners per subject, and it may perform or carry out usually in constitution, dramatization, projects, essays, declamations, speech choir, and so forth.

Teaching is the process of imparting knowledge or savvy to students regardless of age, gender and race; in addition to teaching, it is the process of directing, guiding, encouraging and stimulating learning activities in the classroom wherein the students and subject teacher will exchange ideas thoroughly  of a certain topic that is being taught for a day-lesson-plan-teaching.

Word perception involves sensation with the eyes that intermediately catch sight of the printed symbols and with the aid of light rays that categorically strike the retina and other parts of the eyes that move in a swift and well-coordinated manner, jumping from term to term or word to word in a series of reading fixation.

Literal comprehension refers clearly to the understanding of facts or ideas extracted from the explicit or stated information given in the text or the answer itself comes directly from a textbook with fixed meaning. 

Literature is the window for life and it bridges the readers from all walks of life to the works of creative imagination. It is a soul-replica that helps strengthen the readers' commitment to develop themselves by embracing international ideals of value system, sociocultural awareness, as well as the other aspects of universal heritage. It comes by diverse viewpoints, definitions and uses of it, and it comes up with a unified "connotative meaning" that literature is something that reflects society, makes us think about ourselves and our society and allows us to enjoy language and beauty. It is also used to describe anything from creative writing to more literary, technical or scientific works, but the term is most commonly used to point out to works of the creative imagination, including works of poetry, drama, fiction, and nonfiction. 

Personification is a figure of speech in which an inanimate object or one of the lower animals is spoken of or given abilities as if it were a person. It also ascribes intelligence or emotion to abstract notions or inanimate things to make the situation alive and kicking.

Derivation indicates the origin of a word which is called etymology and it maybe twofold: 1) less commonly, a narrative account of how a word was formed or was given its meaning; and 2) the foreign languages through which the words evolved into English form. Thus, derivations are generally entered between brackets near the beginning or at the end of the vocabulary entry. It is the formation of a new word or stem from another word. It typically occurs by the addition of an affix.

Abstract should be written in a third person point of view (see example of the abstract in the 3rd person point of view). It is a shortened version of a longer piece of writing that highlights the major points covered, briefly depicting the content and scope of writing, and reviews the writing's contents in encapsulated form. It is not long and it is only about a paragraph. Six sentences are enough for writing an abstract.

Technical analysis refers to thinking in a conditioned pattern analyzing comprehensively the uses and functions of the plotted parts of the story. It is the study of literary charts and indicators to determine the progress and chronological order of the story with the use of plotted schema and techniques to examine various aspects of literary levels of interpretation.

Plot is the story line or the structure of a story. It is a series of meaningful events in the story like for example, you have the exposition where all the characters, setting, language and style are recognized and you find the involution or rising action where it may raise to another part and then there is the climax which is where the excitement or interest takes place which where they work out the problem and second to last there is the falling action which commences by degrees to end the story and last there is the denouement or resolution which ends the story.

Exposition is the background information on the characters, setting, language and style explained at the beginning of the story. It will often have information about events that transpired before the story commenced. It is often the very first part of the plot.

Involution of a story is the series of events that build up and create rising action or tension. This tension is an outcome of the fundamental conflict that exists and makes the story interesting. The types of conflict are man vs. nature, man vs. man, man vs. society, man vs. God and man vs. himself.

Climax is when the situation or major part finally gets excited and resolved. It is the turning point and it is where something unexpected will occur and things start going to the falling action and resolution of the story.

Falling action is done after the excitement or turning point of an event; the falling action can seem something of an anti-climax and it is the sequence of events that follow the climax and end in the denouement. This is in contrast to the involution which leads up to the plot's climax. It can always be found after the climax when it goes down until it reaches the denouement.

Denouement refers to the events following the climax of a drama or novel in which such a resolution or clarification happens. It is the conclusion or final resolution of a dramatic or narrative plot. Denouement is also the resulting outcome from the events and problems throughout the entire story. The ending part of a story is sad, happy, adventurous, comedic or tragic.

Theme is the notion that becomes apparent to the reader when he comes to the ending part of a story. It is a message, a broad concept or moral of a story wherein the message itself indicates life, society or human nature. It is the insight that is worth-keeping and sharing with in-depth analysis in analyzing a meaningful event of a story. It can also be taken into account as subject of discourse, discussion, meditation or composition to be banked on a story.

Point of view refers to the angle from which a story is told. It is the position which the narrator takes in the story or the perspective from which a speaker recounts a narrative. Every author has a genre in apprising or telling a story. He may use his character to relate the incidents or he may tell the story himself. The kinds of point of view are first person point of view, second person point of view, third person point of view (limited, central and omniscient).

Story interpretation is based solely on literal level, interpretative level and evaluative level. It is the act of interpreting something as expressed in an artistic story performance from something denotative and from something metaphorical or evaluative. The portion of a text will be extracted literally from a book and will be expounded on it according to implicit standpoints.

Symbolism and allegory, the two words have been used by the teachers as artists since the beginning of time. Symbols are used to represent abstract concept instead of a literal meaning. They will point out as regards the importance of a test symbolically and the allegory is something like a comparison or contrast, more on spiritual aspects. In other words, it has moral, social, religious, or political significance, and characters are often personifications of abstract notions. Thus an allegory is a story with two meanings, a literal meaning and a symbolic meaning. To give more examples of an allegory, say for instance, the apple that Adam receives from Eve is symbolic of the "knowledge of God and Evil" and is thus allegorical. The serpent is often read as an allegory signifying the tempter, or true evil. In the New Testament, the Good Samaritan is an allegory representing the right thinking and compassionate person. This is a precise rhetorical use of an allegory.

Form and structure of a story will determine the overview or perspective of the entire story. Thus, the form can be a comedy, a drama, a narrative or an adventure while the structure is something that recounts and segregates the major events to encapsulate the whole story in a chronological order with prescribed "complete sentences" (from 5 to 10 sentences).

Moral of the story is like giving something, a very important lesson which is extracted implicitly from a book. The moral values are important for the kids to learn: fairytale and happy endings with romance and riches are nice but some family movies and adventures have the best example for bonding together that can further give a moral to the members of the family. Likewise, the story is moral if it is spiritually injected with some values and inspiring lessons--a few sentences to make the teachers and students publicly known. The teacher will give insightful ideas to his students about morality according to the norms of society and vantage points. Read more...

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Important Quotes for Teachers

The mediocre teacher tells. The good teacher explains. The superior teacher demonstrates. The great teacher inspires. ~William Arthur Ward. The best teacher is the one who suggests rather than dogmatizes, and inspires his listener with the wish to teach himself. ~Edward Bulwer-Lytton. A teacher's purpose is not to create students in his own image, but to develop students who can create their own image. ~Author Unknown. What the teacher is, is more important than what he teaches. ~Karl Menninger. Teaching should be full of ideas instead of stuffed with facts. ~Author Unknown. The task of the excellent teacher is to stimulate "apparently ordinary" people to unusual effort. The tough problem is not in identifying winners: it is in making winners out of ordinary people. ~K. Patricia Cross


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